Treatment for anal cancer is based on the stage of the cancer and other things, such as your overall health. Treatment options may include:
- Radiation therapy: This uses high-dose X-rays to destroy cancer cells and shrink tumors.
- Chemotherapy: These medicines kill fast-growing cells, including cancer cells and some normal cells. Often chemotherapy and radiation are given together. This is called chemoradiation.
- Surgery: In some cases, surgery is needed. If the area with cancer is very small, often a doctor can remove the tumor and a small amount of normal tissue around it.
Sometimes a clinical trial may be a good choice.
Your doctor will talk with you about your options and then make a treatment plan.
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