Management Strategies: Adolescence, 13-18+ Years
Academic difficulties encountered during the early school years may continue or worsen in adolescence as success in school becomes more dependent on cumulative learning, organized thinking, and abstract reasoning. Some adolescents, especially those who lack appropriate support, begin to give up on school altogether. Therefore, early identification of learning difficulties or disabilities is imperative.
In addition, some adolescents may begin to encounter problems related to impulsivity and poor judgment. Some struggle to maintain friendships while others begin participating in risky or inappropriate behaviors to gain acceptance among their peers. Also, given that adolescents with FASDs are at higher risk for substance use disorders, efforts toward substance use prevention should be included to ensure that they achieve success in academics, friendships, and family life. Furthermore having adequate preparation, support, apprenticeship, and advocacy during adolescence eases their transition from adolescence into the workforce and adult life.