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Healthcare: Neurology

Conditions

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Movement Disorders

Description

The physicians in the Parkinson's Disease Center and Movement Disorders Clinic at Baylor Medicine treat a full range of movement and neurodegenerative disorders. For in depth information on the conditions we treat, view the list below:

Terms
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Ataxia is derived from the Greek word meaning "irregularity" or "disorderliness" but when used medically, the term describes a condition characterized by poor coordination of movements.

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Patients with atypical parkinsonism have symptoms like PD, including resting tremors, slowed movement, stiffness, gait difficulty and postural instability, but have additional symptoms and signs that are not typically present in PD. 

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Blepharospasm is a neurological condition characterized by abnormal, involuntary blinking or spasm of the eyelids.

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Corticobasal syndrome (CBS) is a form of atypical parkinsonism (a parkinsonism-plus syndrome), which may also cause problems with memory and thinking. CBS, however, is distinct from Parkinson's disease in regards to other clinical features and its response to treatment.

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Dementia is a gradual decline of cognitive functions, including memory, language abilities and problem solving skills, severe enough to interfere with normal daily functioning. DLB is named after deposits called Lewy bodies, which are collections of an abnormal protein called alpha-synuclein.

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Dystonia is a neurologic movement disorder dominated by involuntary, sustained or repetitive, patterned muscle contractions or spasms, frequently causing squeezing, twisting, and other movements or abnormal postures.

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Essential tremor (ET) is the most common form of tremor, affecting about five percent of people over the age 60 years. Frequently misdiagnosed as a stress-related condition or a natural consequence of aging, ET is actually a manifestation of a genetic neurological disorder

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Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a neurological disorder manifested by twitching on one side of the face due to involuntary contractions of the eyelid and other facial muscles. 

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Huntington's disease (HD) is a hereditary brain disease, which disrupts thinking, mood, behavior, and movement.

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Multiple system atrophy (MSA) refers to a group of progressive neurodegenerative disorders that affect the autonomic nervous system (the part of the nervous system that controls involuntary functions such as blood pressure and heart rate) and movement. 

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Myoclonus is the medical term for sudden, rapid, brief, involuntary jerking of a muscle or group of muscles. These shock-like movements may be caused by sudden muscle contractions (positive myoclonus) or sudden losses of muscle tone (negative myoclonus). 

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Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic, progressive disorder of the nervous system that affects movement. It develops gradually and can commonly cause tremor, stiffness and slowness of movement. 

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Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is a rare neurodegenerative condition that is a form of atypical parkinsonism. The most common symptoms are reduced eye movements, recurrent falls (frequently backwards), reduced balance and mobility, speech and swallowing difficulties, and cognitive decline.

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Psychogenic movement disorders are characterized by unwanted movements, such as spasms, shaking or jerks involving any part of the face, neck, trunk or limbs. In addition some patients may have bizarre gait or difficulties with their balance that are caused by underlying stress or some psychological condition. 

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Restless legs syndrome is a disorder related to sensation and movement. People with RLS have an unpleasant feeling or sensation in parts of their bodies when they lie down to sleep. The sensations that people feel are always unpleasant but not necessarily painful.

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Spasmodic dysphonia is a neurological disorder caused by a dystonia (abnormal sustained muscle contraction) of the vocal cords. 

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Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a disorder that involves involuntary movements. The movements most often affect the lower face. Tardive means delayed and dyskinesia means abnormal movement.

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Tourette syndrome is a neurological disorder manifested by motor and vocal (phonic) tics usually starting during childhood and often accompanied by obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), poor impulse control, and other co-morbid behavioral problems. 

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Vascular (also referred to as "multi-infarct") parkinsonism is a form of "atypical parkinsonism" in which parkinsonian symptoms (slow movements, tremor, difficulty with walking and balance, stiffness and rigidity) are produced by one or more small strokes, rather than by gradual loss of nerve cells as seen in the more typical neurodegenerative Parkinson's disease.